Sample Environment Generator

A common tool to generate sample Heat environment files would be beneficial in two main ways:

  • Consistent formatting and details. Every environment file would include parameter descriptions, types, defaults, etc.

  • Ease of updating. The parameters can be dynamically read from the templates which allows the sample environments to be updated automatically when parameters are added or changed.

Problem Description

Currently our sample environments are hand written, with no consistency in terms of what is included. Most do not include a description of what all the parameters do, and almost none include the types of the parameters or the default values for them.

In addition, the environment files often get out of date because developers have to remember to manually update them any time they make a change to the parameters for a given feature or service. This is tedious and error-prone.

The lack of consistency in environment files is also a problem for the UI, which wants to use details from environments to improve the user experience. When environments are created manually, these details are likely to be missed.

Proposed Change


A new tool, similar to the oslo.config generator, will allow us to eliminate these problems. It will take some basic information about the environment and use the parameter definitions in the templates to generate the sample environment file.

The resulting environments should contain the following information:

  • Human-readable Title

  • Description

  • parameter_defaults describing all the available parameters for the environment

  • Optional resource_registry with any necessary entries

Initially the title and description will simply be comments, but eventually we would like to get support for those fields into Heat itself so they can be top-level keys.

Ideally the tool would be able to update the capabilities map automatically as well. At some point there may be some refactoring done there to eliminate the overlap, but during the transition period this will be useful.

This is also a good opportunity to impose some organization on the environments directory of tripleo-heat-templates. Currently it is mostly a flat directory that contains all of the possible environments. It would be good to add subdirectories that group related environments so they are easier to find.

The non-generated environments will either be replaced by generated ones, when that makes sense, or deprecated in favor of a generated environment. In the latter case the old environments will be left for a cycle to allow users transition time to the new environments.


We could add more checks to the yaml-validate tool to ensure environment files contain the required information, but this still requires more developer time and doesn’t solve the maintenance problems as parameters change.

Security Impact


Other End User Impact

Users should get an improved deployment experience through more complete and better documented sample environments. Existing users who are referencing the existing sample environments may need to switch to the new generated environments.

Performance Impact

No runtime performance impact. Initial testing suggests that it may take a non-trivial amount of time to generate all of the environments, but it’s not something developers should have to do often.

Other Deployer Impact

See End User Impact

Developer Impact

Developers will need to write an entry in the input file for the tool rather than directly writing sample environments. The input format of the tool will be documented, so this should not be too difficult.

When an existing environment is deprecated in favor of a generated one, a release note should be written by the developer making the change in order to communicate it to users.



Primary assignee:


Other contributors:


Work Items

  • Update the proposed tool to reflect the latest design decisions

  • Convert existing environments to be generated


No immediate dependencies, but in the long run we would like to have some added functionality from Heat to allow these environments to be more easily consumed by the UI. However, it was agreed at the PTG that we would proceed with this work and make the Heat changes in parallel so we can get some of the benefits of the change as soon as possible.


Any environments used in CI should be generated with the tool. We will want to add a job that exercises the tool as well, probably a job that ensures any changes in the patch under test are reflected in the environment files.

Documentation Impact

We will need to document the format of the input file.


Initial proposed version of the tool