Add Flavor tables to API Database

Add Flavor tables to API Database

https://blueprints.launchpad.net/nova/+spec/flavor-cell-api

CellsV2 need to store flavor information for booting instances. Since this information will live at the cell API, tables related to flavors need to be created in API DB.

Problem description

Flavors are virtual hardware templates, which are used by nova, for example, when creating a new instance. In CellsV1, flavors are stored in parent and child cells. Considerable manual effort is required to keep this information consistent across all the cells.

Flavors are a global concept that should be stored only in one database. Therefore, flavor related tables for CellsV2 would be created only in the API database.

Use Cases

  • Operators want to partition their deployments into cells for scaling, failure domain, and buildout reasons. When partitioned, flavor information needs to be stored at API level.

Project Priority

Nova CellV2 is a project priority in liberty.

Proposed change

With this spec we propose to create all flavor related tables in the API DB. They are:

* instance_types
* instance_type_extra_specs
* instance_type_projects

The name of the tables will be changed to flavors, flavor_extra_specs and flavor_projects respectively but the table schema will remain unchanged.

The flavor object will be modified to interact with the tables in the API database. The create() and save() method will be updated to use the API DB tables.

The get_by_*() methods will be modified to query the API DB and if a flavor is not found, query the nova DB as well. The get_all() method will be modified so that it displays all the flavors, which will be a union of what exists in API DB and nova DB. It will query the API DB and then query the nova DB to get the flavors not yet present in API DB.

The destroy() method will remove flavors from both the databases. This will ensure that all flavor related operations are done on the new table and older flavors are also actively migrated to the new table as they are used. The existing flavor tables in nova will continue to remain but no longer accessed and can be removed in subsequent releases.

During the transition phase, databases corresponding to both cellV1 and V2 will co-exist and tests will be written to make sure that the flavor tables in CellsV2 have the same model as in CellV1. Any change in the tables should be applied in both databases.

To migrate existing flavor data to the proposed cellsV2 tables a new “nova-manage” command will be added.

This command will copy flavor entries from top-level cell DB to the new API DB. It will take no parameters and on execution read the data from flavor tables (instance_types, instance_type_extra_specs and instance_type_projects) and put it into the corresponsing tables in API DB if it doesn’t already exist.

Alternatives

We could continue storing flavor at both api and cell level or store flavors only at compute cell level. Both these approaches introduce addtional complexity in flavor management.

Data model impact

Three new tables will be created in ‘nova_api’ database as follows. The corresponding schemas are detailed below,

  • ‘flavors’:::
    CREATE TABLE flavors (

    created_at datetime DEFAULT NULL, updated_at datetime DEFAULT NULL, deleted_at datetime DEFAULT NULL, name varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL, id int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, memory_mb int(11) NOT NULL, vcpus int(11) NOT NULL, swap int(11) NOT NULL, vcpu_weight int(11) DEFAULT NULL, flavorid varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL, rxtx_factor float DEFAULT NULL, root_gb int(11) DEFAULT NULL, ephemeral_gb int(11) DEFAULT NULL, disabled tinyint(1) DEFAULT NULL, is_public tinyint(1) DEFAULT NULL, deleted int(11) DEFAULT NULL)

    This table will have unique constraints on (name, deleted) and (flavorid, deleted) attributes

  • ‘flavors_extra_specs’::

    CREATE TABLE `flavor_extra_specs` (
        `created_at` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
        `updated_at` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
        `deleted_at` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
        `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
        `flavor_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
        `key` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
        `value` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
        `deleted` int(11) DEFAULT NULL)
    
    This table will have a unique constraint on (flavor_id, key,
    deleted) attribute and an index on (flavor_id, key)
    
  • ‘flavor_projects’::

    CREATE TABLE `flavor_projects` (
        `created_at` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
        `updated_at` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
        `deleted_at` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
        `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
        `flavor_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
        `project_id` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
        `deleted` int(11) DEFAULT NULL)
    
    This table will have a unique constraint on (flavor_id, project_id,
    deleted) attribute
    

REST API impact

None

Security impact

None

Notifications impact

None

Other end user impact

None

Performance Impact

None

Other deployer impact

Deployers will be provided with a new nova-manage command to migrate the flavors to the cellsV2 DB API proposed tables. This command will need to be run once for any existing deployments (cell or non-cell).

Developer impact

None

Implementation

Assignee(s)

Primary assignee:

mvineetmenon

Other contributors:

None

Work Items

  • Create new database tables ‘flavors’, ‘flavor_extra_specs’ and ‘flavor_projects’ in API DB.

  • Modify the flavor object to interact with API DB

  • Create a new command in nova-manage for migrating flavors from cellsV1 to cellsV2

Dependencies

None

Testing

Since this is designed to be an internal re-architecting of Nova with no user visible changes the current suite of Tempest or functional tests should suffice.

Also, tests need to be written to ensure that the data model doesn’t change from what is being used in the cellsV1 model.

These tests should be kept until the final migration to cellsV2.

Documentation Impact

Document the nova-manage command to migrate flavors from top-level cell DB to cellsV2 API-DB.

References

https://etherpad.openstack.org/p/kilo-nova-cells

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