Graduating Policy

bp graduate-policy

Graduate the policy API to a standalone library.

The policy code is security sensitive and needs to be managed as a library. If there is a CVE level defect, deploying a fix should require deploying a new version of the library, not syncing each individual project.

Library Name

The new library will be called oslo.policy.


  • openstack/common/

  • tests/unit/

  • tests/var/policy.d

  • tests/var/policy.2.d

  • tests/var/policy.json

Early Adopters

  • Keystone

Public API

from oslo_policy import policy

All of the existing public functions and classes will remain public.

class Rules(dict):
    """A store for rules. Handles the default_rule setting directly."""

class Enforcer(object):
    """Responsible for loading and enforcing rules.

    :param policy_file: Custom policy file to use, if none is
                        specified, `CONF.policy_file` will be
    :param rules: Default dictionary / Rules to use. It will be
                considered just in the first instantiation. If
                `load_rules(True)`, `clear()` or `set_rules(True)`
                is called this will be overwritten.
    :param default_rule: Default rule to use, CONF.default_rule will
                        be used if none is specified.
    :param use_conf: Whether to load rules from cache or config file.
    :param overwrite: Whether to overwrite existing rules when reload rules
                    from config file.

The Rules class has a method to load the rules, currently only via a json file:

def load_json(cls, data, default_rule=None):
    """Allow loading of JSON rule data."""

The Enforcer class handles rules and the enforcement action, which are performed by the following public methods:

def set_rules(self, rules, overwrite=True, use_conf=False):
    """Create a new Rules object based on the provided dict of rules.

    :param rules: New rules to use. It should be an instance of dict.
    :param overwrite: Whether to overwrite current rules or update them
                      with the new rules.
    :param use_conf: Whether to reload rules from cache or config file.

def clear(self):
    """Clears Enforcer rules, policy's cache and policy's path."""

def load_rules(self, force_reload=False):
    """Loads policy_path's rules.

    Policy file is cached and will be reloaded if modified.

    :param force_reload: Whether to reload rules from config file.

def enforce(self, rule, target, creds, do_raise=False,
            exc=None, *args, **kwargs):
    """Checks authorization of a rule against the target and credentials.

    :param rule: A string or BaseCheck instance specifying the rule
                to evaluate.
    :param target: As much information about the object being operated
                on as possible, as a dictionary.
    :param creds: As much information about the user performing the
                action as possible, as a dictionary.
    :param do_raise: Whether to raise an exception or not if check
    :param exc: Class of the exception to raise if the check fails.
                Any remaining arguments passed to enforce() (both
                positional and keyword arguments) will be passed to
                the exception class. If not specified, PolicyNotAuthorized
                will be used.

    :return: Returns False if the policy does not allow the action and
            exc is not provided; otherwise, returns a value that
            evaluates to True.  Note: for rules using the "case"
            expression, this True value will be the specified string
            from the expression.

A basic check class along with some default extensions: FalseCheck, TrueCheck, Check, NotCheck, AndCheck, OrCheck, RoleCheck, HttpCheck and GenericCheck. This checks are used to validate the rules.

class BaseCheck(object):
    """Abstract base class for Check classes."""



Primary assignee:

Adam Young ayoung

Other contributors:

Rodrigo Duarte rodrigodsousa

Primary Maintainer

Primary Maintainer:


Other Contributors:


Security Contact

Security Contact:




Work Items

  • The work items are outlined in the oslo graduation tutorial.

  • The public repository, with the code extracted from the incubation module can be found here.

Adoption Notes

Once released, projects using oslo.policy should change the way is being imported to use the oslo_policy module instead of the current <project>.openstack.common. Also, they will need to add the lib as requirements (add to requirements.txt and/or test-requirements.txt files).

Documentation Impact

Library will require its own documentation, but that will be done post graduation.





This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.