MongoDB users management

MongoDB users management

Enable MongoDB users management functionality.

Problem Description

The MongoDB guest agent does not support users management features. Allowing the user to create, list, and delete users, enable/check root access, and grant/revoke user access through the API is essential.

MongoDB users are unique to each database. A user is identified by both its name and database. Therefore the Trove actions requiring user names need the value to be in the following string format: “<database>.<username>”. MongoDB does not allow the following characters in the database name: /. “$

Proposed Change

Calls to MongoDB will be done in Python via the PyMongo library, which is required to be pre-installed on the guest.


A number of Trove commands will be enabled for the MongoDB datastore. Also, MongoDB’s authentication protocol will be enabled by default, making the database secure.


Several standard Trove commands will be enabled for MongoDB. Below are the corresponding CLI commands with all allowed arguments:

user-create <instance> <database>.<name> <password>
user-list <instance>
user-delete <instance> <database>.<name>
user-show <instance> <database>.<name>
root-enable <instance>
root-show <instance>
user-grant-access <instance> <database>.<name> <access_databases>
user-revoke-access <instance> <database>.<name> <access_database>
user-show-access <instance> <database>.<name>

The code changes will be to implement a new class service.MongoAdmin and the corresponding methods as members of the class. The methods of manager.Manager will be updated to call the admin functions.


Currently the MongoDB datastore creates an insecure database. To make the above functionality useful the guest agent’s MongoDB server will be made secure. This will be done by enabling authentication and creating a Trove user ‘os_admin’ on the server by default. The Trove user will have user and database administrator privileges, but not read/write. When the guest is first started the guest agent will generate a password and connect (because of the localhost exception) to the server. It will then run the following (below is Mongo shell code, but it will be implemented using PyMongo):

use admin
        user: "os_admin",
        pwd: "<generated_password>",
        roles: [
            { role: "userAdminAnyDatabase", db: "admin" },
            { role: "dbAdminAnyDatabase", db: "admin" },
            { role: "cluserAdmin", db: "admin" }

Authentication will be enabled by default. To disable it a configuration group can be used with the option {‘auth’: ‘false’}.

Note: enabling authentication on MongoDB effects clustering as shards are required to use a shared key file to connect to each other. Therefore a new cryptographically secure key will be generated during cluster-create to be used by the shards. This key value will be pushed to each shard, where it will be stored for connection use. The key will not be stored on the controller. The controller will ask an existing cluster guest for the key when adding new shards.


The mongodb configuration file will have ‘auth’ set to ‘on’ to enable authentication on the server.

A new MongoDB RC script will be created at ~/.mongorc.js. This file will store the username and generated password, allowing the local MongoDB client to automatically connect using those credentials.


No new items will be added here.

Public API

No API changes.

Public API Security

No API Security changes.

Python API

None (empty section added after merging)

CLI (python-troveclient)

None (empty section added after merging)

Internal API

No Internal API changes.

Guest Agent

Modified files:

trove/guestagent/db/ - add a MongoDBUser class.
trove/guestagent/datastore/experimental/mongodb/ - enable functions.
trove/guestagent/datastore/experimental/mongodb/ - add functions.
trove/guestagent/datastore/experimental/mongodb/ - store system constants.

The Guest Agent will be changed to support the following manager functions:

  • create user - using ‘createUser()’

  • list users - query the admin database’s system.users collection

  • delete user - using ‘dropUser()’

  • show user - using ‘getUser()’

  • enable root - create user “root” and grant the role “root”

  • check if root is enabled - check if user “root” exists

  • grant user access to a database - using ‘updateUser()’

  • revoke user access to a database - using ‘updateUser()’

  • show user access to a database - using ‘getUser()’


Grant os_admin “root” role for full access.



Matthew Van Dijk



Work Items

The work will be split into four deliverables:

  1. Enable authentication on server

  2. create/list/show/delete users

  3. enable/check root

  4. grant/show/revoke access

Upgrade Implications

There will be no upgrade implications.


There are no dependencies on other work in progress.


Unit tests will be added to validate non-trivial codepaths. Integration tests may be added if necessary.

Documentation Impact

Documentation will be required to explain that authentication is enabled on MongoDB guests. The MongoDB datastore documentation can be updated to reflect the enabled features.


MongoDB manual

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. See all OpenStack Legal Documents.

trove-specs 0.0.1.dev177