Support External Actions in Vitrage Templates

Support External Actions in Vitrage Templates

launchpad blueprint: https://blueprints.launchpad.net/vitrage/+spec/support-external-actions

Currently, the Vitrage templates support the following actions: raise alarm, set state, mark causal relationship and mark-down. The implementation of mark-down is patchy (update a property on the vertex and call the notifier).

We need a way to define in the template an external action that should be taken. One example is the mark-down. Another example is to execute a Mistral workflow or a Congress policy.

Problem description

The following use cases should be supported:

  1. mark-down. This is an existing use case. If a mark-down action exists, Vitrage will call Nova mark-down API. The behavior should remain the same after the change.
  2. Execute a Mistral workflow. The user should be able to execute a Mistral workflow based on Vitrage insights.
  3. Execute other external actions, like a Congress policy.

Proposed change

Add a new action for each external engine we would like to support. The action will have metadata with parameters to be sent to the engine.

Examples

action:
  action_type: execute_nova
  metadata:
    api_call: mark-down
    host: host1
action:
  action_type: execute_mistral
  metadata:
    workflow: evacuate_host
    failed_host: host1

The idea behind adding a new external_* action for each engine is to emphasize that Vitrage supports a predefined set of external actions, and specifically it does not support runinng scripts.

The internal implementation will be identical for Nova, Mistral, Congress, etc. During the template loading phase, the execute_* action will be converted to a generic Execute action, with a notifier parameter. The template validator will verify that the wanted notifier is enabled in vitrage.conf, otherwise the template loading will fail.

When executing the Execute action, the evaluator will send an event to the message bus of the wanted notifier. This way, only the Mistral notifier will handle the execute_mistral actions.

Note that currently only the Vitrage graph sends notification to the notifier. This behavior will be changed, so notifications will be sent both from the graph (for deduced alarms and set state) and from the evaluator.

Alternatives

There are two alternatives:

Send Message bus notifications

Vitrage can have a message bus notifier, that will send notifications about raise/delete alarm, set state and mark causal-relationship. Mistral will be configured to execute certain workflows based on the notifications received from Vitrage.

Advantages:

  • No extra configuration needed in Vitrage
  • Can work with the current notifiers mechanism

Disadvantages:

  • Messgae bus notifications might get lost
  • Less powerful. In Vitrage template the user can decide to execute a workflow based on a combination of alarms or a specific topology. Once Mistral gets the notifications, the topology context is no longer there.
  • mark-down use case is not supported by this solution

Configuration Done on the specific notifier

A Mistral notifier will be written and receive notifications from the graph. It will be configured by a yaml file that will determine which workflow to execute per specific alarm.

Advantages:

  • No extra configuration needed in Vitrage
  • Can work with the current notifiers mechanism
  • No lost messages

Disadvantages:

  • Less powerful. In Vitrage template the user can decide to execute a workflow based on a combination of alarms or a specific topology. In Mistral notifier we no longer have this context.
  • mark-down use case is not supported by this solution

Calculate the action_target

Every “regular” action (raise_alarm, set_state, add_causal_relationship) has an action_target block. The action_target has no meaning for the external actions, since they are managed by an external engine that does not have a “target” terminology.

The problem is that the action_target is essential for the subgraph-matching calculations, in order to calculate the connected components.

The proposed solution

For external actions, we will automatically calculate an action target. The target will be selected arbitrarily from the set of possible targets. In complex conditions that involve {and, or, not} finding the target might not be trivial. Some more-complex conditions will not be supported for external actions, due to this reason.

The calculation method:

  • And condition - any vertex that is part of the condition can be a target
  • Not condition - no vertex that is part of the condition can be a target
  • Or condition - the target should be a vertex that appears in any “positive” part (i.e. one that does not have a ‘not’ in front of it) of the Or condition

Examples:

Note: In some cases it is impossible to find a valid target. They are marked with ‘/’.

The template validation should fail in these cases, for all kinds of actions.

Condition Possible targets
a_in_error_status a
a_contains_b a, b
a_contains_b or a_contains_c a
a_contains_b or a_contains_c or a_contains_d a
a_in_error_status or a_contains_c or a_contains_d a
a_contains_b or a_contains_c or b_contains_d Not Supported
a_contains_b and a_contains_c a, b, c
a_contains_b and a_contains_c and a_contains_d a, b, c, d
a_contains_b or (a_contains_c and a_contains_d) a
a_contains_b or (a_contains_c and b_contains_d) a,b
not a_contains_b Not Supported
not a_in_error_status Not Supported
a_contains_b or not a_contains_c Not Supported
a_contains_b or (a_contains_c and not a_contains_d) a
a_contains_b or (not a_contains_c and not a_contains_d) Not Supported

Alternatives to calculating the action_target

We can decide that an external action requires an action_target like all other actions. This will simplify the implementation, but is logically wrong. The action_target will serve as a “helper entity” for the subgraph-matching, and it should not be the end user’s role to help fixing implementation issues. As far as the external engine is concerned, the action_target has no meaning.

Data model impact

A new Execute action will be added to the evaluator.

REST API impact

None

Versioning impact

We should introduce a versioning mechanism to the templates. This will be done when modifying the implementation of mark-down.

Other end user impact

None

Deployer impact

None

Developer impact

None

Horizon impact

None

Implementation

Assignee(s)

Primary assignee:
ifat-afek

Work Items

  • Enhance the template language (template loading and validation)
  • Update the documentation
  • Execute the external actions from the evaluator

Dependencies

None

Testing

The implementation will be covered by unit tests and tempest tests.

Documentation Impact

The new action should be documented

References

None

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vitrage-specs