Enable Spark jobs to access Swift URL

Enable Spark jobs to access Swift URL

https://blueprints.launchpad.net/sahara/+spec/edp-spark-swift-integration

Spark uses Hadoop filesystem libraries to dereference input and output URLs. Consequently, Spark can access Swift filesystem URLs if the Hadoop Swift JAR is included in the image and a Spark job’s Hadoop configuration includes the necessary Swift credentials. This specification describes a method of transparently adding Swift credentials to the Hadoop configuration of a Spark job so that the job source code does not need to be altered and recompiled to access Swift URLs.

Problem description

Spark jobs may access Swift URLs assuming the cluster image includes the Hadoop Swift JAR. To do this, the job’s Hadoop configuration must include the necessary Swift credentials (fs.swift.service.sahara.username and fs.swift.service.sahara.password, for example).

As with Oozie Java actions, job source code may be modified and recompiled to add the necessary configuration values to the job’s Hadoop configuration. However, this means that a Spark job which runs successfully with HDFS input and output sources cannot be used “as is” with Swift input and output sources.

Sahara should allow users to run Spark jobs with Swift input and output sources without altering job source code.

Proposed change

This change follows the approach developed by Kazuki Oikawa in https://blueprints.launchpad.net/sahara/+spec/edp-improve-compatibility for Java compatibility.

A new configuration value will be added to Sahara, edp.spark.adapt_for_swift. If this configuration value is set to True on a Spark job, Sahara will run a wrapper class (SparkWrapper) instead of the original class indicated by the job. The default for this configuration value will be False.

Sahara will generate a spark.xml file containing the necessary Swift credentials as Hadoop configuration values. This XML file will be uploaded to the master node with the JAR containing the SparkWrapper class, along with the other files normally needed to execute a Spark job.

Sahara’s Spark launcher script will run the SparkWrapper class instead of the job’s designated main class. The launcher will pass the name of the XML configuration file to SparkWrapper at runtime, followed by the name of the original class and any job arguments. SparkWrapper will add this XML file to the default Hadoop resource list in the job’s configuration before invoking the original class with any arguments.

When the job’s main class is run, it’s default Hadoop configuration will contain the specified Swift credentials.

The permissions of the job dir on the master node will be set to 0x700. This will prevent users other than the job dir owner from reading the Swift values from the configuration file.

The sources for the SparkWrapper class will be located in the sahara-extra repository under the edp-adapt-for-spark directory. This directory will contain a pom.xml so that the JAR may be built with maven. Maintenance should be light since the SparkWrapper class is so simple; it is not expected to change unless the Hadoop Configuration class itself changes.

Currently, the plan is to build the JAR as needed and release it with Sahara in service/edp/resources/edp-spark-wrapper.jar. Alternatively, the JAR could be hosted publically and added to Sahara images as an element.

Alternatives

There is no known way to supply Swift credentials to the Hadoop filesystem libraries currently other than through configuration values. Additionally, there is no way to add values to the Hadoop configuration transparently other than through configuration files.

This does present some security risk, but it is no greater than the risk already presented by Oozie jobs that include Swift credentials. In fact, this is probably safer since a user must have direct access to the job directory to read the credentials written by Sahara.

Data model impact

None

REST API impact

None

Other end user impact

None

Deployer impact

None

Developer impact

None

Sahara-image-elements impact

The DIB image for Spark will need to change to include the Hadoop Swift JAR. There is an existing element for this, this is trivial.

Additionally, we still need a solution to a compatibility issue with the jackson-mapper-asl.jar.

This can be patched by including an additional JAR on the cluster nodes, so we can conceivably bundle the extra jar with the Spark image as a patch. Alternatively, the issue might be resolved by upgrading the CDH version (or Spark assembly version) used in the image.

Sahara-dashboard / Horizon impact

The Spark job submission form should have an input (checkbox?) which allows a user to set edp.spark.adapt_for_swift to True. Default should be False.

We don’t want to assume that just because Swift paths are passed as arguments to a Spark job that Sahara should run the wrapper. The job itself may handle the Swift paths in its own way.

Implementation

Assignee(s)

Primary assignee: tmckay

Other contributors: croberts

Work Items

  • Add a simple SparkWrapper class. This is different than the wrapper class developed for Oozie Java actions.
  • Update Spark image to include the Hadoop Openstack JAR
  • Find a solution to the jackson issue
  • Update the UI
  • Implement handling of the edp.spark.adapt_for_swift option in Sahara. This includes generation and upload of the extra XML file, upload of the additional utility jar, and alteration of the command generated to invoke spark-submit
  • Updated node configuration All nodes in the cluster should include the Hadoop core-site.xml with general Swift filesystem configuration. Additionally, spark-env.sh should point to the Hadoop core-site.xml so that Spark picks up the Swift configs and spark-defaults.conf needs to set up the executor classpath. These changes will allow a user to run Spark jobs with Swift paths manually using spark-submit from any node in the cluster should they so choose.

Testing

Unit tests and integration tests for Spark jobs will identify any regressions introduced by this change.

Once we have Spark images with all necessary elements included, we can add an integration test for Spark with Swift URLs.

Documentation Impact

Any user docs describing job submission should be updated to cover the new option for Spark jobs.

References

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

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