Endpoint Policy Extension

Endpoint Policy Extension

bp endpoint-policy

Extension OS-ENDPOINT-POLICY provides the means to assign policy files to specific endpoints. This extension requires v3.3 of the Identity API.

Problem Description

OpenStack provides RBAC capabilities for controlling access to project-based resources. It does not, however, provide RBAC capabilities to control which endpoints can consume such resources.

The classic use case that illustrates this problem is a cloud that is divided into collections of endpoints that represent, say, Test, QA and Production areas. In such environments, you would typically want to restrict the users who can issue API calls that affect production, from those that can access the Test environment for example. Today, the only way of achieving this is to have a different project for each environment and use endpoint filtering to restrict the set of endpoints to each one (and then have different role requirements for each of those projects). This can rapidly lead to project-explosion, especially when you consider you might have different geographical production regions, perhaps each with their own admin users. What is really required is to vary the RBAC requirements by endpoint.

Proposed Change

This change provides the ability to associate a given policy file (stored in Keystone and represented by a policy ID) with an endpoint or set of endpoints. Three types of association will be supported:

  • A policy associated with a specific endpoint
  • A policy associated with a service in a given region
  • A policy associated with a service

The existing Identity policy API will be extended to allow a policy to be retrieved for a specific endpoint, where the association created for that endpoint will be used to select the appropriate policy file, by checking the above three types of association in that order. For regions that have parents, these will be searched in ascending order. The first association match found will be used - no combining of policy files due to multiple associations will be carried out. If no association is found, then an error will be returned.

This extension will not change the existing API allowing the retrieval of policy by policy ID, rather it will provide an alternative where an endpoint has the ability to retrieve an appropriate policy rather than having to specify it by policy ID. Given that, in this current proposal, it as assumed that an endpoint will continue to only fetch its policy at startup. Future enhancements, not covered by this proposal, might allow for Keystone to provide notifications upon policy changes to allow endpoints to refresh their policy.

This change would allow a cloud administrator to, for example, specify a restrict set of role assignments that would be needed to undertake certain actions in a production region. For instance, a cloud provider might define a nova policy that, for production, has rules like:

"compute_extension:admin_actions:pause": "rule:admin_or_owner",

While in a test region, the policy rules may be more relaxed, for example:

"compute_extension:admin_actions:pause": "rule:admin_or_owner or role:tester",

By associating the two policy files with the nova service for their respective regions, the correct policy file would automatically by returned to any nova endpoint in either region if it fetched its policy by endpoint ID.

Alternatives

The current solution (of having multiple projects), in conjunction with endpoint filtering could continue to be used, with the resulting problems described above.

Data Model Impact

Changes to the data model will be restricted to new tables for storing the endpoint policy associations.

REST API Impact

The exact API specification will be defined as part of a review of an changes to the Identity API. This will include:

  • API to define policy associations
  • Extension to the existing Identity policy API to ask for policy

Security Impact

Above and beyond the act of allowing endpoints to get policy from Keystone (which is already supported), there is no significant security impact.

Notifications Impact

All policy association changes will be auditable events.

Other End User Impact

Endpoints will need to call Keystone to obtain their policy (rather than read it from a file) in order to take advantage of this change. Keystone middleware should provide support for this.

Performance Impact

Negligible - policy will be fetched infrequently.

Other Deployer Impact

Endpoints will need a configuration setting to tell them for where to obtain their policies (i.e. file or Keystone).

Developer Impact

None

Implementation

Assignee(s)

Primary assignee:
henry-nash
Additional assignee:
ayoung

Work Items

  • Get agreement of API specifications
  • Implement the policy association code
  • Extend the policy API to enable the use of any associations
  • Modify Keystone middleware to expose this new capability

Separate patches/blueprints will be used to modify the policy loading of other projects to be able to use this capability.

Dependencies

Changes to the policy loading of other projects will be needed before the advantages of this extension can be obtained.

Testing

Due to the interdependent nature of the changes of this proposal, some Tempest tests will be provided.

Documentation Impact

Changes to the Identity API and configuringservices.rst.

References

None

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. See all OpenStack Legal Documents.

identity-specs