Enforce unique instance uuid in data model

Enforce unique instance uuid in data model

https://blueprints.launchpad.net/nova/+spec/enforce-unique-instance-uuid-in-db

The instances.uuid column in the data model is not unique but by definition a UUID should be unique, and given how it’s used within nova and across other openstack services like glance, neutron, ceilometer, etc, it should be unique.

Furthermore, there are Foreign Keys created against instances.uuid so it should be unique.

Problem description

  • Uniqueness for instances.uuid is not enforced in the data model.

  • There are foreign keys created on the instances.uuid column so it should be unique.

Proposed change

Add a database migration that checks for existing records where the instances.uuid or related instance_uuid column is NULL and if found, fails the migration until those are deleted.

A tool will be provided to scan the database for these records and list them, then prompt the user to delete them. A –force option could also be provided in the tool to ignore any prompts and just delete the records if found.

The new migration would be blocked until the records are deleted. Once there are no records left, the migration will make those columns non-nullable via SQLAlchemy and create a UniqueConstraint on the instances.uuid column.

Note that the fixed_ips table is the exception here since it can, by design, contain NULL instance_uuid records to indicate deallocated and disassociated fixed IPs.

Alternatives

Do nothing and leave the nova objects layer to enforce unique instance uuid entries, but this does not help with the foreign key issue in the data model.

Data model impact

  1. NULL instances.uuid/instance_uuid records must be deleted, except in table fixed_ips as described above.

  2. The instances.uuid column will be made non-nullable.

  3. A UniqueConstraint will be created on the instances.uuid column.

REST API impact

None.

Security impact

None.

Notifications impact

None.

Other end user impact

None.

Performance Impact

The only performance impact on existing deployments is in the migration script changes which would be tested with turbo-hipster.

Other deployer impact

The main impacts to deployers are:

  1. The biggest impact is the new migration. Migrations are potentially slow and require the controller service to be down when run.

  2. The hope is that existing deployments are not carrying records where instances.uuid or instance_uuid are None so the NULL queries in the new migration script would not yield large result sets. However, the impact to the deployer here is that they would be forced to manually prune those records before the migration can continue. Note that it’s expected that those cases are exceptional and they are only the result of an inconsistent database. So finding these records is not expected, but if it is a problem the migration will fail clearly with instructions on how to fix the problem.

Developer impact

None.

Implementation

Assignee(s)

Primary assignee:

mriedem@us.ibm.com

Work Items

  1. Add a new migration to make instances.uuid non-nullable and put a unique constraint on that column.

  2. Write a tool to check for null instance_uuid records within the database for operators to use before the actual migration.

See the WIP patch for details: https://review.openstack.org/#/c/97946/

Dependencies

None.

Testing

  • Unit tests for the new database migration will be added to stub a database with NULL instance_uuid records to make sure the migration fails when those records are found and then test that when they are removed, the migration completes successfully and the unique constraint is created. Similarly the downgrade path will be unit tested.

  • Unit tests will also be written for the scan tool used to run outside of the actual database migrations. This will mock out the backend database but will be used to test the CLI and logic.

  • It is expected that turbo-hipster will cover scale testing the new migration for MySQL.

Documentation Impact

None.

References

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nova-specs