Add host and hypervisor hostname flag to create server

Add host and hypervisor hostname flag to create server

https://blueprints.launchpad.net/nova/+spec/add-host-and-hypervisor-hostname-flag-to-create-server

When admin users specify the forced_host/forced_node to create servers, nova will bypass the scheduler filters. This spec proposes to add two new params host and hypervisor_hostname as specified host and/or node to create servers without bypassing the scheduler filters in a new REST API microversion.

Problem description

When admin users specify the forced_host/forced_node to create servers, nova will bypass the scheduler filters.

  • Without scheduler filters, failure instances may waste effort trying to boot when failure is inevitable because of network provider, PCI device, NUMA topology, etc.

  • We could be trying to claim resources on the host that aren’t available, and/or unintentionally over-subscribing the host because without running the filters we don’t pass down any limits for the resource claim.

Use Cases

This change adds the following use case to the system:

  • An admin wants to request that a server is created on a specified compute host and/or node and have the request validated by the scheduler filters rather than forced.

Proposed change

  • Add host and hypervisor_hostname to the REST API POST /servers.

  • Add a new policy os_compute_api:servers:create:requested_destination to limit host and hypervisor_hostname only for admin.

  • Translate host and hypervisor_hostname to a RequestSpec.requested_destination which still goes through the scheduler filters.

Note

We still leave the old mechanism az:host:node in this new microversion so users have the option of either forcing the target during server creates or requesting the target.

Alternatives

There is a filter named JsonFilter which is not used by default. This filter allows simple JSON-based grammar for selecting hosts. If we want to specify the host named “openstack-node”, we can add the params like this: --hint query='["=","$host","openstack-node"]'.

In addition to the warnings in the documentation for this filter, if it is configurable, it may not be present in all clouds and thus can not be guaranteed for interoperability.

There is a filter named AggregateInstanceExtraSpecsFilter which is not used by default. This filter checks that the aggregate metadata satisfies any extra specifications associated with the instance type (that have no scope or are scoped with aggregate_instance_extra_specs). If we want to specify the host named “openstack-node”, we can create a aggregate named “test-ag01” include host “openstack-node”. Then we set metadata for this aggregate with host=openstack-node. At last, we create a flavor and set metadata for this flavor with aggregate_instance_extra_specs:host=openstack-node. So when we choose the flavor to create instances, all will be on the host “openstack-node”.

In this case, creating an aggregate and flavor pinned to that aggregate for every host/node in a large cloud is not manageable and would also potentially leak deployment details about the cloud, and also confuse users when we have so many availability zones to model those aggregates. It’s just not a realistic option for this use case in a large cloud.

Data model impact

None

REST API impact

In a new microversion add the host and hypervisor_hostname flag to the API, both of them are optional:

  • POST /servers

{
    "server": {
        ...
        "host": "openstack-node",
        "hypervisor_hostname": "openstack-node"
    }
}

Only show new parameters’ JSON schema definition for body data of server:

'host': parameter_types.hostname
'hypervisor_hostname': parameter_types.hostname

Depending on whether/how the host and hypervisor_hostname is set, the actions are as followed:

  • If host is supplied in the request body, at first Compute API will check whether we can fetch a compute node for this host from DB. If not, an HTTP 400 Bad Request will be returned to users.

  • If hypervisor_hostname is supplied in the request body, at first Compute API will check whether we can fetch a compute node for this hypervisor_hostname from DB. If not, an HTTP 400 Bad Request will be returned to users.

  • If both host and hypervisor_hostname are supplied in the request body, at first Compute API will check whether we can fetch a compute node for host and hypervisor_hostname from DB. If not, an HTTP 400 Bad Request will be returned to users.

Note

The new (host and/or hypervisor_hostname) and the old (az:host:node) mechanisms are mutually exclusive. If both are specified in the same request, the API will return an HTTP 400 Bad Request.

Security impact

None

Notifications impact

None

Other end user impact

Update python-novaclient and python-openstackclient to support the new microversion.

Performance Impact

None

Other deployer impact

None

Developer impact

None

Upgrade impact

None

Implementation

Assignee(s)

Primary assignee:

Boxiang Zhu (zhu.boxiang@99cloud.net)

Work Items

  • Add new microversion for this change.

Dependencies

None

Testing

  • Functional and unit test will be provided.

  • Some scenarios (Create a server on a requested host and/or node and then move it - live migrate, evacuate, cold migrate and unshelve - to make sure it moves to another host and isn’t restricted to the original requested destination) will be provided.

Documentation Impact

  • The API document should be changed to introduce this new feature.

References

History

Revisions

Release Name

Description

Train

Introduced

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

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nova-specs