Data Source and Job Binary Pluggability

https://blueprints.launchpad.net/sahara/+spec/data-source-plugin

Sahara allows multiple types of data source and job binary. However, there’s no clean abstraction around them, and the code to deal with them is often very difficult to read and modify. This change proposes to create clean abstractions that each data source type and job binary type can implement differently depending on its own needs.

Problem description

Currently, the data source and job binary code are spread over different folders and files in Sahara, making this code hard to change and to extend. Right now, a developer who wants to create a new data source needs to look all over the code and modify things in a lot of places (and it’s almost impossible to know all of them without deep experience with the code). Once this change is complete, developers will be able to create code in a single directory and will be able to write their data source by implementing an abstract class. This will allow users to enable data sources that they write themselves (and hopefully contribute upstream) much more easily, and it will allow operators to disable data sources that their own stack does not support as well.

Proposed change

This change proposes to create the data source and job binary abstractions as plugins, in order to provide loading code dynamically, with a well defined interface. The existing types of data sources and job binaries will be refactored.

The interfaces that will be implemented are described below:

Data Source Interface

  • prepare_cluster(cluster, kwargs) - Makes a cluster ready to use this data source. Different implementations for each data source: for Manila it will be mount the share, for Swift verify credentials, etc.
  • construct_url(url, job_exec_id) - Resolves placeholders in data source URL.
  • get_urls(cluster, url, job_exec_id) - Returns the data source url and the runtime url the data source must be referenced as. Returns: a tuple of the form (url, runtime_url).
  • get_runtime_url(url, cluster) - If needed it will construct a runtime url for the data source, by the default if a runtime url is not needed it will return the native url.
  • validate(data) - Checks whether or not the data passed through the API to create or update a data source is valid.
  • _validate_url(url) - This method is optional and can be used by the validate method in order to check whether or not the data source url is valid.

Job Binary Interface

  • prepare_cluster(cluster, kwargs) - Makes a cluster ready to use this job binary. Different implementations for each data source: for Manila it will be mount the share, for Swift verify credentials, etc.
  • copy_binary_to_cluster(job_binary, cluster) - If necessary, pull binary data from the binary store and copy that data to a useful path on the cluster.
  • get_local_path(cluster, job_binary) - Returns the path on the local cluster for the binary.
  • validate(data) - Checks whether or not the data passed through the API to create or update a job binary is valid.
  • _validate_url(url) - This method is optional and can be used by the validate method in order to check whether or not the job binary url is valid
  • validate_job_location_format(entry) - Pre checks whether or not the API entry is valid.
  • get_raw_data(job_binary, kwargs) - Used only by the API, it returns the raw binary. If the type doesn’t support this operation it should raise NotImplementedException.

These interfaces will be organized in the following folders structure:

  • services/edp/data_sources - Will contain the data source interface and the data source types implementations.
  • services/edp/job_binaries - Will contain the job binary interface and the job binary types implementations.
  • services/edp/utils - Will contain utility code that can be shared by data source implementations and job binary implementations. Per example: Manila data source implementation will probably share some code with the job binary implementation.

Probably some changes in the interface are possible until the changes are implemented (parameters, method names, parameter names), but the main structure and idea should stay the same.

Also a plugin manager will be needed to deal directly with the different types of data sources and job binaries and to provide methods for the operators to disable/enable data sources and job binaries dynamically. This plugin manager was not detailed because is going to be similar to the plugin manager already existent for the cluster plugins.

Alternatives

A clear alternative is let things the way they are, but Sahara would be more difficult to extend and to understand; An alternative for the abstractions defined in the Proposed Change section would be to have only one abstraction instead of two interfaces for data sources and job binaries since these interfaces have a lot in common, implementing this alternative would remove the edp/service/utilities folder letting the code more unified and compact, but job binary and data source code would be considered only one plugin, which could difficult the pluggability feature of this change (per example: the provider would not be able to disable manila for data sources, but enable it for job binaries) and because of this it was not considered the best approach, instead we keep job binaries and data sources apart, but in contrast we need the utilities folder to avoid code replication.

Data model impact

None

REST API impact

Probably some new methods to manage supported types of data sources and job binaries will be needed (similar to the methods already offered by plugins).

  • data_sources_types_list() ; job_binaries_types_list()
  • data_sources_types_get(type_name) ; job_binaries_types_get(type_name)
  • data_sources_types_update(type_name, data) ; job_binaries_types_update(type_name, data)

Other end user impact

None

Deployer impact

None

Developer impact

After this change is implemented developers will be able to add and enable new data sources and job binaries easily, by just implementing the abstraction.

Sahara-image-elements impact

None

Sahara-dashboard / Horizon impact

None

Implementation

Assignee(s)

Primary assignee: mariannelinharesm

Other contributors: egafford

Work Items

  • Creation of a Plugin for Data Sources containing the Data Source Abstraction
  • Creation of a Plugin for Job Binaries containing the Job Binary Abstraction
  • HDFS Plugin Intern
  • HDFS Plugin Extern
  • Swift Plugin
  • Manila Plugin
  • Allow job engines to declare which data sources/job binaries they are capable of using (this may be needed or not depending if exists a job type that does not support a particular data source or job binary type)
  • Changes in the API

Dependencies

None

Testing

This change will require only changes in existing unit tests.

Documentation Impact

Will be necessary to add a devref doc about the abstractions created.

References

None