# Image API v2 HTTP PATCH media types¶

## Overview¶

The HTTP PATCH request must provide a media type for the server to determine how the patch should be applied to an image resource. An unsupported media type will result in an HTTP error response with the 415 status code. For image resources, two media types are supported:

• application/openstack-images-v2.1-json-patch
• application/openstack-images-v2.0-json-patch

The application/openstack-images-v2.1-json-patch media type is intended to provide a useful and compatible subset of the functionality defined in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Patch RFC6902, which defines the application/json-patch+json media type.

The application/openstack-images-v2.0-json-patch media type is based on draft 4 of the standard. Its use is deprecated.

## Restricted JSON pointers¶

The ‘application/openstack-images-v2.1-json-patch’ media type defined in this appendix adopts a restricted form of JSON-Pointers. A restricted JSON pointer is a Unicode string containing a sequence of exactly one reference token, prefixed by a ‘/’ (%x2F) character.

If a reference token contains ‘~’ (%x7E) or ‘/’ (%x2F) characters, they must be encoded as ‘~0’ and ‘~1’ respectively.

Its ABNF syntax is:

restricted-json-pointer = "/" reference-token
reference-token = *( unescaped / escaped )
unescaped = %x00-2E / %x30-7D / %x7F-10FFFF
escaped = "~" ( "0" / "1" )


Restricted JSON Pointers are evaluated as ordinary JSON pointers per JSON-Pointer.

For example, given the image entity:

{
"id": "da3b75d9-3f4a-40e7-8a2c-bfab23927dea",
"name": "cirros-0.3.0-x86_64-uec-ramdisk",
"status": "active",
"visibility": "public",
"size": 2254249,
"checksum": "2cec138d7dae2aa59038ef8c9aec2390",
"~/.ssh/": "present",
"tags": ["ping", "pong"],
"created_at": "2012-08-10T19:23:50Z",
"updated_at": "2012-08-10T19:23:50Z",
"self": "/v2/images/da3b75d9-3f4a-40e7-8a2c-bfab23927dea",
"file": "/v2/images/da3b75d9-3f4a-40e7-8a2c-bfab23927dea/file",
"schema": "/v2/schemas/image"
}


The following restricted JSON pointers evaluate to the accompanying values:

"/name"        "cirros-0.3.0-x86_64-uec-ramdisk"
"/size"        2254249
"/tags"        ["ping", "pong"]
"/~0~1.ssh~1"  "present"


## Operations¶

The application/openstack-images-v2.1-json-patch media type supports a subset of the operations defined in the application/json-patch+json media type. Specify the operation in the “op” member of the request object.

• The supported operations are add, remove, and replace.
• If an operation object contains no recognized operation member, an error occurs.

Specify the location where the requested operation is to be performed in the target image in the “path” member of the operation object.

• The member value is a string containing a restricted JSON-pointer value that references the location where the operation is to be performed within the target image.

Where appropriate (that is, for the “add” and “replace” operations), the operation object must contain the “value” data member.

• The member value is the actual value to add (or to use in the replace operation) expressed in JSON notation. (For example, strings must be quoted, numeric values are unquoted.)

The payload for a PATCH request must be a list of JSON objects. Each object must adhere to one of the following formats.

• add

The add operation adds a new value at a specified location in the target image. The location must reference an image property to add to an existing image.

The operation object specifies a “value” member and associated value.

Example:

PATCH /images/{image_id}

[
{
"op":"add",
"path":"/login-name",
"value":"kvothe"
}
]


You can also use the add operation to add a location to the set of locations that are associated with a specified image ID, as follows:

Example:

PATCH /images/{image_id}

[
{
"op":"add",
"path":"/locations/1",
"value":"scheme4://path4"
}
]

• remove

The remove operation removes the specified image property in the target image. If an image property does not exist at the specified location, an error occurs.

Example:

PATCH /images/{image_id}

[
{
"op":"remove",
"path":"/login-name"
}
]


You can also use the remove operation to remove a location from a set of locations that are associated with a specified image ID, as follows:

Example:

PATCH /images/{image_id}

[
{
"op":"remove",
"path":"/locations/2"
}
]

• replace

The replace operation replaces the value of a specified image property in the target image with a new value. The operation object contains a “value” member that specifies the replacement value.

Example:

[
{
"op":"replace",
"path":"/login-name",
"value":"kote"
}
]


This operation is functionally identical to expressing a “remove” operation for an image property, followed immediately by an “add” operation at the same location with the replacement value.

If the specified image property does not exist for the target image, an error occurs.

You can also use the replace operation to replace a location in the set of locations that are associated with a specified image ID, as follows:

Example:

PATCH /images/{image_id}

[
{
"op":"replace",
"path":"/locations",
"value":[
"scheme5://path5",
"scheme6://path6"
]
}
]


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